Thursday, 10 November 2016

Gerd Vivroux's Fw 190 A-6 'White 2' Sturmstaffel 1 ramming Abschuss


going to Telford this weekend for the IPMS Nats?   Do check out the Luftwaffe SIG stand and the super Sturmstaffel hangar diorama with text and illustrations via this blog..

Gerd Vivroux's Fw 190 A-6 'White 2' Sturmstaffel 1 in Dortmund, January 1944 - left is Willi Maximowitz, one of only two Sturmstaffel pilots definitely known to have intentionally rammed US bombers.



This pic is a good quality repro from the original Vivroux/Hilbebrandt/Smith album print - and of much better quality than the pirated/scanned copies seen elsewhere on-line, especially the Laird Acred site. An updated bio for Maximowitz for this page follows;

Willi Maximowitz was born on 29 January 1920 at Wuppertal-Barnen. In late 1943, when Major von Kornatzski was recruiting volunteers for Sturmstaffel 1, Maximowitz, an Unteroffizier with JG 1, was one of those who signed up. He had already achieved his first success when he shot down a USAAF B-24 four-engine bomber on 30 January 1944. On 23 March 1944, he collided with a B-17 of the 92nd BG raiding aircraft factories near Hamm. (the full attack is related in an unpublished manuscript by Barry Smith). His heavily damaged Focke-Wulf 190 A-6 (W.Nr. 551 099) "White 10" was hosed by the bombers's defensive fire and a wounded Maximowitz had to bale out near Wuppertal. Following recovery from his wounds he returned to Sturmstaffel 1 and added another B-17 to his tally, shot down over Helmstedt on 29 April 1944.  On 8 May 1944, Sturmstaffel 1 was integrated into IV./JG 3 as its 11. Staffel. In June  1944 Maximowitz flew sorties with IV./JG 3 from Dreux on the Invasionsfront in support of the German army in Normandy. Maximowitz shot down a B-17 near Leipzig for his 10th victory on 20 July. On 28 July 1944 IV./JG 3 scrambled against USAAF four-engine bombers. Maximowitz was shot down by the fighter escort and was slightly wounded. On 30 July, he was promoted to the rank of Feldwebel, but was wounded in a landing accident in Fw 190 A-8/R2 (W.Nr. 680 756). After recuperating from his injuries, he returned to his unit (re-designated 14./JG 3 on 10 August). He flew as Kaczmarek to Gruppenkommandeur, IV./JG3, Hauptmann Wilhelm Moritz (44 victories, 15 of them four-engine bombers, RK). In February 1945, IV./JG 3 moved to the Russian Front. On 11 March 1945 Maximowitz was credited with three Russian Boston twin-engine bombers and a fighter shot down. On 20 April 1945, Oberfeldwebel Maximowitz of 14./JG 3 failed to return from a combat mission. He was probably killed in aerial combat with Russian fighters around Frankfurt am Oder. He told Feldwebel Oskar Bosch (18 victories, including 8 four-engine bombers) during this mission that he had an MP 40 sub machine-gun in his cockpit and he was saving the last round for himself if he got shot down! Willi Maximowitz was credited with 27 victories. He recorded 12 victories over the Eastern front. All 15 victories recorded over the Western front were four-engine bombers. He had made at least one Rammabschuss, the victory claimed on 23 March 1944 - one of only two recorded during the brief existence of the Sturmstaffel. However the 92 BG B-17 that he tangled with did in fact manage to return to England despite missing a section of horizontal stabiliser. Maximowitz was posthumously awarded the Deutsches Kreuz in Gold on 1 January 1945. He was one of the last of the thirty one (out of the 38) pilots who flew for Sturmstaffel 1 to be killed in action.

Also on this blog;

Pauke! Pauke! IV./ JG 3 and Sturmstaffel 1 in action against the US 8th Air Force, 11 April 1944
http://falkeeins.blogspot.co.uk/2012/11/pauke-pauke-iv-jg-3-and-sturmstaffel-1.html


"Hitler's Kamikazes" - from Sturmstaffel 1 to Schulungslehrgang Elbe
http://falkeeins.blogspot.co.uk/2010/05/hitlers-kamikazes-from-sturmstaffel-1.html



Oskar  Bösch on the Sturmstaffel's 'ramming' mission;

"Ich verpflicte mich als Sturmjäger an den Feind zu gehen ohne Rücksicht auf das eigene Leben..die Pflict zu erfüllen, wenn die Bomber nicht abgeschossen wird, dann muß man durch Rammen den bomber zum Absturz bringen.. our duty if we couldn't shoot the bomber down through cannon fire was to bring it down by ramming, using our propellers like giant circular saws to hack through the tailplane. As to how to do this I didn't really give it much thought - I remember on one sortie suddenly there was a bomber in front of me, and I was out of ammunition and the opportunity was there to fly a ramming attack. I was about fifty metres behind the bomber and caught in the turbulent slipstream from the engines and it was all I could do to keep my aircraft under control. I was buffeted and bumped, and then literally tossed over the Boeing's wing, missing it by about half a metre with my own wing..."